Direct Object Pronouns
- Nouns that directly receive the action of a verb that was initiated by the subject are called direct objects.
- Direct Object Pronouns replace the noun so that it does not have to be repeated again in a different sentence to reduce redundancy.
Indirect Object Pronouns
- Nouns that indirectly receive the action of a verb, usually with the help of a preposition, which was initiated by the subject are called indirect objects.
- Indirect Object Pronouns replace the noun so that it does not have to be repeated again in a different sentence to reduce redundancy.
- They are pronouns that possess something usually to refer to something previously that someone owns.
- Unlike in English, possessive pronouns in French have articles.
|Person||Masculine Singular||Masculine Plural||Feminine Singular||Feminine Plural||Meaning|
|1st Singular||Le mien||Les miens||La mienne||La miennes||Mine|
|2nd Singular||Le tien||Les tiens||La tienne||Les tiennes||Yours|
|3rd Singular||Le sien||Les siens||La sienne||Les siennes||His/Hers|
|1st Plural||Le nôtre||Les nôtres||La nôtre||Les nôtres||Ours|
|2nd Plural||Le vôtre||Les vôtres||La vôtre||Les vôtres||Yours|
|3rd Plural||Le leur||Les leurs||La leur||Les leurs||Theirs|
- They are pronouns that refers back to a person or a thing.
- Used all the time in French even when it does not refer back to a person or a thing (idiomatic).
- They are pronouns that introduce dependent clauses and help link them with independent clauses.
- They can be categorized into two types: definite and indefinite.
- Definite Relative Pronouns:
|Qui||Who; which; that|
|Que||Who; whom; which; that|
|Dont||Whose; of whom; of which|
|Où||Where; when; that|
- Indefinite Relative Pronouns:
|Ce qui||Who; which; that|
|Ce que||Who; whom; which; that|
- They are pronouns that does not specify a noun, usually describes a generalized idea.
|Tout le monde||Everyone|
- They are pronouns that replaces a specific noun that was mentioned in a sentence previously.
|Meaning||This/That one||These/Those ones|
- Additionally, suffixes can be added to the pronouns to provide more context on the distance of the noun that is being referred to.
|Pronouns with suffix -ci||Meaning|
|Celui-ci||This/That (one) here|
|Ceux-ci||These/Those (ones) here|
|Celle-ci||This/That (one) here|
|Celles-ci||These/Those (ones) here|
|Pronouns with suffix -là||Meaning|
|Celui-là||This/That (one) there|
|Ceux-là||These/Those (ones) there|
|Celle-là||This/That (one) there|
|Celles-là||These/Those (ones) there|